The first of six new ships was recently launched at Gulf Coast Shipyard in Gulfport, Mississippi and is expected to be christened and pressed into service later this year. The text from the Federal Commission Newsroom is as follows:
Particulate matter UN Regulation 83[ edit ] Some or all of the following parameters are measured depending upon the requirements of the region implementing the test: The cycles may be performed on a flat road, in the absence of wind.
However, to improve repeatabilitythey are generally performed on a roller test bench. This type of bench is equipped with an electrical machine to emulate resistance due to aerodynamic drag and vehicle mass inertia.
For each vehicle configuration, a look-up table is applied: This arrangement enables the use of a single physical vehicle to test all vehicle body styles Sedan, hatchback, MPV etc.
A fan is coupled to the roller bench to provide the vehicle air intakes with an airflow matching the current speed. Many more tests can be performed during vehicle development with this arrangement than with conventional road tests.
The test is conducted with all ancillary loads turned off Air conditioning compressor and fan, lights, heated rear window, etc. Combined[ edit ] The combined fuel economy is calculated by a total consumption of urban and extra-urban cycles over the total distance theoretical meters.
Criticism[ edit ] Inability to represent real-life driving[ edit ] The NEDC was conceived when European vehicles were lighter and less powerful. The test offers a stylized driving speed pattern with low accelerations, constant speed cruises, and many idling events.
However the fixed speeds, gear shift points and accelerations of the NEDC offer possibilities for manufacturers to engage in what is called 'cycle beating' to optimise engine emission performance to the corresponding operating points of the test cycle, while emissions from typical driving conditions would be much higher than expected, undermining the standards and public health.
Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 12 March US shale firms offer $ million to aid Texas, New Mexico. CNBC -- More than a dozen top U.S.
energy companies have pledged $ million toward easing stresses on health care, education and civic infrastructure from the shale oil and gas boom in West Texas and New Mexico, the group said on . A report by BAE Systems and SWIFT shows that financial market areas such as equities trading, bonds, and derivatives face more threats than banking, forex, and trade finance.
FlightGlobal is the global aviation community’s primary source of news, data, insight, knowledge and expertise.
We provide news, data, analytics and advisory services to connect the aviation. -What is graphene? Stronger than steel, thinner than paper, graphene could be the future of tech.
It’s always risky to make broad assertions about history, but one of the few things that seems to hold true is that technological advances drive the course of civilization. Canada announces plans for national low-carbon fuel standard By Erin Voegele | November 28, On Nov. 25, the government of Canada announced plans to develop a low-carbon fuel standard that would require reductions in the carbon footprint of fuels supplied in the nation based on lifecycle analysis.
Vectren and CenterPoint Energy announce merger of companies. Customers to expect same level of safe and reliable service. On Monday, April 23, CenterPoint Energy and Vectren Corporation announced they have entered into a definitive merger agreement to form a leading energy delivery, infrastructure and services company serving more than 7 million customers across the United States.